Diamond Alkali Tank Car 271
Diamond Alkali Company was formed
in 1910 to produce soda ash for the glass industry. In
1912 the Painesville, Ohio site was developed. In 1929
the Painesville plant started to manufacture caustic
soda by the electrolysis of salt. This produced both
chlorine and hydrogen. The chlorine was used to purify
water and in the dry cleaning solvent industry. In the
40's Diamond Alkali had an agreement with the U.S.Army
for chlorine. Also in the Painesville area several
detergent plants were established.
These events made it necessary to
obtain tank cars to move the chlorine. This car was
built 3/22/39. The cars were numbered 268 to 285. They
were Class ICC 105 A 300 and had a capacity of 80,000
lbs. The ICC limited the load in chlorine cars to
60,000 lbs. They were repainted at least 3 times. Once
between 1949 and 1952, with their new big red diamond.
A second time in the late 50's or early 60's with a
blue swirl around a small solid red diamond. The last
repainting was in the late 60's with an enlarged
version of the 60's herald. In the 1965 cars 268, 270
and 271 were still in service.